By: AirTravellerPH Staff
The days of unruly passengers on board an aircraft are numbered as the Montreal Protocol 2014 (MP14), a new global treaty, comes to full effect on January 1, 2020. The MP14 now allows the arrest and punishment of unruly passengers right where the aircraft lands, be it at the home country or abroad. MP14 is aimed to curb the rising cases and severity of unruly behavior on board the aircraft.
Example, a US-citizen travelling from New York JFK to Manila Philippines causes trouble on board like assaulting a crew and fellow passenger. Once the aircraft lands in Manila, the unruly US-citizen can be punished and jailed in the Philippines under Philippine laws.
MP14 grants more power to nations in dealing with unruly air passengers under their own laws.
Before this, the Tokyo Convention of 1963 (TC63) only allows the country where the aircraft is registered to administer justice to disruptive passengers. This means that, for example, a US-citizen causes trouble aboard a Delta flight from Atlanta which lands in Tokyo Japan, the Japanese government cannot apply its justice system to punish the unruly American passenger.
This lead to a rise in unruly passengers where 60% go unpunished and uncharged.
There are three reasons that lead to the ratification of the TC63 and these are:
With MP14 at place, this will give any country the power to prosecute passengers who creates trouble such as but not limited to assault on the crew and other passengers, disturbing the peace on board, harassment, and becoming a threat to the safety of the flight, under their own laws once the aircraft lands at their airport or soil.
International Air Transport Association (IATA) Director General and CEO Alexandre de Juniac said, "Everybody on board is entitled to enjoy a journey free from abusive or other unacceptable behavior. But the deterrent to unruly behavior is weak. About 60% of offenses go unpunished because of jurisdictional issues. MP14 strengthens the deterrent to unruly behavior by enabling prosecution in the state where the aircraft lands. The treaty is in force. But the job is not done. We encourage more states to ratify MP14 so that unruly passengers can be prosecuted according to uniform global guidelines."
MP14 will be beneficial to airlines, and passengers alike in terms of widening the jurisdiction of governments to prosecute unruly passengers, lessening operational disruption and costs incurred by airlines, and bringing convenience to passengers affected by an unruly behavior inflight.
You may check https://www.iata.org/pressroom/pr/Pages/2019-11-28-01.aspx to know more about MP14.